When conceiving a child, there is a risk of HIV infection when one parent is HIV positive. However, there are many treatments than can reduce this risk. If you or your partner have HIV, discuss treatment options with your HIV specialist before conceiving.
Sperm washing is a treatment option when the father is HIV positive and the mother HIV negative.
Sperm washing concentrates and then separates sperm from the infectious seminal fluid. The sperm can then be safely injected into an egg and implanted in the women's uterus. This prevents the woman from HIV infection and passing it to the child.
HIV positive women can take precautions that reduce the risk of passing the HIV infection to their child. These include:
The Australian Federation of AIDS Organisations (AFAO) page on parenting and conception while HIV Positive.